The early stage of development of varicose veins is characterized by mild symptoms, to the manifestations of which most patients do not respond in time, considering this problem as a result of simple physical fatigue.
Such a careless attitude to the pathological process that has arisen entails the risk of serious consequences in the future. To avoid various kinds of destructive complications, it is necessary to have information about how varicose veins on the legs begin in order to solve the problem in a timely manner.
Features of development and causes of occurrence
Varicose veins are a pathology in which an abnormal expansion of the veins located close to the surface forms in the lower extremities, with disruption of the normal flow of blood flow.
With this disease, the large vessels of the legs are most often affected, accompanied by unpleasant manifestations, such as:
- thinning of the vascular walls
- widening of the intravenous passage
- the formation of tumor formations
The disease is more common among people who belong to the category after 40 years, although there are cases of its occurrence at a younger age, even in children.
Factors influencing the development of the disease
Men are less susceptible to the development of this pathological process. The female half of humanity most often suffers from varicose veins, the main sources of its origin are:
- everyday use of high-heeled shoes
- the use of slimming wardrobe items
- puberty stage
- difficult labor
First of all, the risk of the onset of the disease in women increases under the influence of the instability of the hormonal background, which provokes vasodilation.
In addition, there are a number of reasons for all categories of people that provoke the onset of varicose veins. Among them:
- systematic prolonged stay on the legs
- increased physical and sports loads
- adherence to an improper nutritional diet with the use of unhealthy foods
- sedentary lifestyle
- various problems with blood vessels, provoking disruption of the normal blood circulation process
Recently, due to the intensive development of information technology, the number of people with unpleasant symptoms of varicose veins has increased. This is due to the most widespread modern way of entertaining children with the help of a computer, practically without using various kinds of outdoor games.
Finding a person in a continuous sitting position for a long period of time creates the danger of pinching the venous passages and impairing the work of blood circulation.
How to identify a disease
It is very important to timely identify the development of varicose veins. Only in the case of early diagnosis and the use of timely therapeutic actions is there a chance to get rid of the pathology without surgical intervention.
Recognizing the onset of the disease is quite problematic due to the absence of pronounced symptoms, apart from external defects with the formation of specific vascular manifestations in the form of asterisks and meshes in the lower extremities.
To prevent the further development of pathology, as well as the implementation of effective treatment, one should have an idea of the alarming signals of varicose veins, which include:
- Feeling of heaviness in the legs
- Fatigue and swelling of the lower extremities
- Sleep cramps
- Stably cold limbs
- Protruding veins, vascular networks in the lower leg area, under the knee
Stages of the disease
The course of the disease has three stages of development, depending on the clinical manifestations:
- Stage 1 - occurs in the absence of any pain, but with external minor defects
- Stage 2 - expressed by signs characteristic of this pathology, with the presence of bursting pain, slight burning sensation and slight itching in the area of venous vessels located on the lower extremities, accompanied by convulsions during the rest period at night
- Stage 3 - with it there are all the described symptoms, but skin problems are also added in the form of manifestations of dermatitis, eczema
Consequences if untreated
Varicose veins of the legs have an acute course, as well as a chronic form, which occurs in the event of an untimely appeal to a medical institution at the beginning of the process and the absence of the necessary therapeutic actions.
It is possible to completely get rid of varicose veins in case of its acute course, provided that appropriate treatment is carried out. Due to the fact that blood clots formed as a result of stagnation in the venous ducts have properties for complete resorption. As a result, normal blood flow through the vessels is restored.
A neglected disease without proper treatment entails the occurrence of complications fatal to human health in the form of:
- thrombophlebitis - superficial vein thrombosis
- thrombosis - deep vein thrombosis.
To identify varicose veins, a number of examinations are used to help establish the correct diagnosis, excluding the presence of other pathologies of the patient's body, as well as to determine the location of venous blood flow disorders.
A complete diagnosis of the disease involves the following research methods:
- Doppler ultrasonography of blood vessels
- CT scan
- Excessive phlebography
Using these types of examination, the correct diagnosis is established, due to which the effective treatment of the disease is carried out.
Treatment of the disease
In the early stages of the disease, external preparations in the form of gels, as well as ointments and creams, are quite effective in treatment. The action of such drugs is aimed at getting rid of stagnant venous phenomena with a resorbing effect. They are easy to use, successfully used to relieve fatigue and pain, and also help strengthen blood vessels.
In addition, for the treatment of varicose veins of the legs at later stages, non-steroidal drugs are used that stop inflammatory processes, and medicines based on hormones with antihistamines, as well as anti-inflammatory effects.
In the chronic course of varicose veins, in combination with external remedies, drug therapy is used in the form of tablets and injections. Among them, the most common are:
- Phlebotonics that improve blood flow, strengthen the walls of blood vessels
- Blood thinners that prevent blood clots
- Anti-inflammatory drugs for pain relief, relieving swelling of the lower extremities
The use of drugs in the treatment of varicose veins should be carried out strictly according to the doctor's prescription.
In addition, there is a modern, completely safe method of getting rid of varicose veins of the legs using a laser, as well as the oldest method of hydrotherapy treatment, effective in the early stages of the disease.
In some advanced cases, patients are advised to use surgical intervention, although it does not guarantee the avoidance of the re-development of the pathological process.
Measures to prevent the development of pathology
In order to avoid the progression of varicose veins of the legs, as well as its destructive consequences, female representatives should limit the use of shoes with heels over 4 cm in their wardrobe.
With heavy loads on the legs, it is advisable to use an elastic bandage or compression hosiery. Avoid immobility of body position, for example, when sedentary work.
Hot baths promote vascular relaxation. In this regard, they should be replaced in order to avoid a decrease in the elasticity of blood vessels with a warm shower.
It is necessary to refuse items of clothing that are too squeezing the area of the legs, waist, groin, such as socks, tights, knee-highs with tight elastic bands, tight-fitting trousers.
In the supine position, it is advisable to put your feet on a slight elevation. This will help improve blood flow.
In order to achieve a stable remission and prevent further development of the disease, it is necessary to revise the previously established order of life and make some changes to it that have a positive effect on health.
To strengthen the heart muscle, as well as blood vessels, it is recommended to go swimming and cycling. At the same time, it is advisable to remove from the list of acceptable sports those in which there is a serious load on the legs. These include bodybuilding, tennis.
The use of dousing after bathing with cold water can make the vascular walls stronger. Smoking and alcohol abuse have a negative effect on the state of the cardiovascular system.
What complications threaten
At the last stage of the disease, serious complications that threaten the patient's health and life arise in the form of:
- trophic ulcers
- blood clots
Trophic ulcers are accompanied by severe pain, damage to the integrity of the skin, eventually causing infection of the whole body with blood poisoning.
With vein thrombosis, there is a threat of vascular occlusion with pathological changes in blood flow, as a result of which oxygen starvation can occur. There is also a danger of death as a result of the separation of a blood clot.
Thrombophlebitis develops against the background of an inflammatory process formed due to the formation of blood clots. The disease leads the patient to imminent disability.
In order to avoid the development of varicose veins, special dietary rules should be followed. Fractional food intake promotes good absorption of nutrients, reduces the risk of unwanted obesity.
The diet for patients with varicose veins should contain foods that help relieve unpleasant symptoms. These include:
- fresh vegetables, fruits, including especially healthy sour apples, as well as garlic
- natural bee honey
- different types of cereals
- whole wheat bread
- freshly squeezed juices
- herbal tea
- beef liver
- dried fruits
- Fish and seafood
To get rid of puffiness, it is recommended to control the amount of fluid taken.
A timely visit to a doctor when the first alarming symptoms of varicose veins are detected, as well as correctly prescribed treatment, is the key to success in the fight to prevent the disease and get rid of the danger of consequences that are detrimental to human health and life.